Reason is the capacity for consciously making sense of things, applying logic, establishing and verifying facts, and changing or justifying practices, institutions, and beliefs based on new or existing information.

Reasoning is associated with thinking, cognition, and intellect. It is composed of these three components:
The clichés of artificial intelligence (AI) tell us that whenever an AI problem is solved, it is no longer called AI; and that to properly solve any non-trivial AI problem, one must put it in such terms that the problem takes no intelligence at all to solve. We’re here to change things. Because something called artificial INTELLIGENCE should be, in fact, intelligent. And such intelligence should be recognizable, even when the processes that it uses to compute are calculated, understood, even categorized by method. It should be able to adapt to the space provided by the problem at hand, and should not require the problem really to solve itself and then take the credit. This is the dream. We hope to make it a reality.